What is IELTS?
IELTS – International English Language Testing System is world’s proven English test. It tests student based on four categories reading, writing, speaking and listening. IELTS is jointly owned by British Council, It is most widely accepted English language test. It is accepted by around 9000 different organisations worldwide. The total test time is 2 hours and 45 minutes. The listening, reading and writing tests are done in one sitting. The speaking test may be on the same day or up to seven days before or after the other tests. The speaking test is taken by a rater from the local testing site.
What is TOEFL?
TOEFL – Test Of English as Foreign Language is another widely know test for the English language and is helpful in your journey in an English-speaking country. Similar to IELTS it also tests your english language skills on the four parameter namely reading, writing, listening and speaking. It has almost 50 test dates in a year. You can take the test any number of time, but you cannot take it more than once in a 12-day period. Unlike IELTS you have all the tests in one day. Another difference you have in TOEFL from IELTS is that, the speaking test results are evaluated by three to six ETS raters.
What is the Difference?
Both tests consist of 4 sections that test the most important aspects of language: speaking, listening, writing and reading. The TOEFL however is entirely multiple choice, while the IELTS has a mix of short answers, and essay questions.
The TOEFL is available as a paper-based test, but the internet-based test is more popular. The IELTS is only available as a paper-based test. The internet-based TOEFL can take up to 4 hours to complete, while the IELTS is 2 hours and 45 minutes long. However, the IELTS may take more than one day because the speaking test with the instructor is separate from the other sections.
There is a big difference with the speaking part of the test. If you feel that you are more comfortable speaking English to a person face to face, rather than a microphone, then the IELTS might be more suited to you. The speaking section is conducted as if it were a normal conversation. You will be alone with the test instructor, and they will record you on tape as they ask you some general questions about your hometown, or even your pet. The TOEFL speaking test consists of six sections and lasts 20 minutes. The questions you will face range from academic to personal. You will also be given a short conversation or text, and asked to summarise the information. For each section you will be given some time to prepare yourself, before giving your answer in the microphone.
In the listening section for the TOEFL, you will hear excerpts and will have to take notes and answer multiple choice questions after it is done. In the IELTS however, you will have to answer the questions while the audio is playing. The questions that will come up for IELTS include filling the blanks, completing the sentence, and answering true or false. Also, the IELTS uses many different accents while the TOEFL uses American. The TOEFL speaking tests takes an hour, while the IELTS is only 30 minutes.
In the TOEFL, the first part requires you to read a short text about a certain topic and then listen to a 2 minute lecture about this topic. Then, you will have to write a short response between 300 to 350 words, to a question about this topic. The second part requires you to write another short essay.
In the IELTS, you will be given a graph or chart in the first part, and you are then required to write a short essay based on that information. In the second part for the IELTS, you will be given an argument or a point of view, and you will be required to write a 200 to 250 word response. The big difference between the two tests is that for the TOEFL, the essay has to be typed on a computer, while the IELTS has to be written down on paper. It is best to know what you are comfortable with; if you don’t know your way around a computer keyboard then you should take the IELTS. But if you have good typing speed, then you will be more comfortable doing the TOEFL. You should also consider how good your handwriting is, if your handwriting is difficult for the examiner to read, then they might deduct points.
Both tests provide you with texts that are academic in nature, and then it is followed by questions that test how well you understood the text. In the TOEFL, as with every other section on this test, the questions will be multiple choice and are divided into three to five parts. In the IELTS, this section consists of three parts, with varying styles of questions that include short answer, and fill in the gap questions. The timing is similar for both tests, as you will have 20 minutes to complete each part.
The IELTS test has separate scores for each section from 1 to 9, and a final overall score of all the sections. So if you feel that you are weak in a certain section, then the score for it will bring your overall average down. The TOEFL is structured differently with 1 point for each question, and a final score out of 120.